Census Records for John Paul and
Margaretha Shemberger Lenhart

John Paul Lenhart immigrated from Baden, Germany in 1836 at the age of 3. Four years later the 1840 census index shows that there were 73 Lenhart families in the US - mostly in either Ohio and Pennsylvania. There are no young men who fit John's profile in either the 1850 or 1860 census.

Margaretha Shemberger was born 1836 in Ohio. In 1860 she had her photo taken in St. Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri. A search of census indexes turned up nothing on her family.

John and Margaretha's children were all said to have been born in Columbus, Ohio between 1863 and 1876, but the family does not appear in the census index for any state in 1870. A page-by-page review of the census for Franklin and Madison Counties (where they lived in 1880) also revealed nothing.

June 17, 1880
Pike, Madison County, Ohio

Madison borders Franklin County which is where the children were said to have been born. The only family member missing from this census is son Frank, age 16, who is listed as a 'servant' and 'farm laborer' in the household of neighbor William Patrick. All of the children but Frank and Josie were listed as having attended school during the year.

1880 Census of Pike, Madison County, Ohio
  Age Occupation Born Father Born Mother Born
Leinhart, John 46 Farmer Germany Germany Germany
Mary 44   Ohio Germany Germany
Matilda 14   Ohio Ohio Ohio
Edward 12   Ohio Ohio Ohio
John 10   Ohio Ohio Ohio
Willie 7   Ohio Ohio Ohio
Mary 6   Ohio Ohio Ohio
Josie 4  Ohio Ohio Ohio


June 1, 1900
Union, Pottawatomie County, Kansas

Sometime between 1880 and about 1890 the family moved to a farm in Kansas. Margaretha had died in Westmoreland, Pottawatomie County on 1896 at the age of 60. Still living with John were his sons John and William as well as William's wife Laura [Kate] and their children Joseph and Laura [Mabel]. John gives his date of immigration as 1860 which is in conflict with the next two census where he gives the year as 1836.

1900 Census of Union, Pottawatomie County, Kansas
Age Born Father
Lenhart, John Jun
67 Germany Germany Germany Farmer
John May
30 Ohio Germany Ohio Farm
William Sep
28 Ohio Germany Ohio Farm
Laura Feb
25 Kansas Maryland Maryland  
Joseph Apr
5 Kansas Ohio Kansas  
Laura Jan
2 Kansas Ohio Kansas  

April 26, 1910
Union, Pottawatomie, Kansas

Ten years later the family is still found in Union Township, but John has retired and William has taken over the management of the farm. The entire family is listed as being able to read and write. John is listed by his middle name Paul and gives his year of immigration as 1836.

1910 Census of Union, Pottawatomie, Kansas
  Age Occupation Born Father Born Mother Born
36 Farmer Ohio Germany Ohio
Kate 34   Kansas Maryland Maryland
Joseph 15   Kansas Ohio Ohio
Mabel 12   Kansas Ohio Kansas
George 9   Kansas Ohio Kansas
Adolphus 6   Kansas Ohio Kansas
Paul 76   Germany Germany Germany


January 19, 1920
Wamego, Pottawatomie County, Kansas

The family has moved from Union to Wamego. Will has apparently given up farming and is running his own business driving a delivery truck. John is once again listed by his middle name 'Paul.' He again gives his immigration date as 1836 and his 'mother tongue' as German.

John lived another 6 years to the age of 92. Will died in 1929 at the age of 56.

1920 Census of Wamego, Pottawatomie County, Kansas
  Age Occupation Born Father Born Mother Born
47 Farmer Ohio Germany Ohio
Kate 43   Kansas Maryland Maryland
Mabel 22   Kansas Ohio Kansas
George 19   Kansas Ohio Kansas
Adolphus 16   Kansas Ohio Kansas
Paul 86   Germany Germany Germany

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